Faculty Publications

Books by our Faculty

  • A History of German
    Joe Salmons. A History of German: What the Past Reveals About Today’s Language. Oxford University Press, 2018.

    This book provides a detailed but accessible introduction to the development of the German language from the earliest reconstructable prehistory to the present day. Joe Salmons explores a range of topics in the history of the language, offering answers to questions such as: How did German come to have so many different dialects and close linguistic cousins like Dutch and Plattdeutsch? Why does German have ‘umlaut’ vowels and why do they play so many different roles in the grammar? Why are noun plurals so complicated? Are dialects dying out today? Does English, with all the words it loans to German, pose a threat to the language?

    This second edition has been extensively expanded and revised to include extended coverage of syntactic and pragmatic change throughout, expanded discussion of sociolinguistic aspects, language variation, and language contact, and more on the position of German in the Germanic family. The book is supported by a companion website and is suitable for language learners and teachers and students of linguistics, from undergraduate level upwards. The new edition also includes more detailed background information to make it more accessible for beginners.

  • Meaning and Structure in Second Language Acquisition
    Jacee Cho (Co-editor). Meaning and Structure in Second Language Acquisition. John Benjamins, 2018.

    This volume presents a range of studies testing some of the latest models and hypotheses in the field of second/third language acquisition, such as the Bottleneck Hypothesis (Slabakova, 2008, 2016), the Scalpel Model (Slabakova, 2017), and the Interface Hypothesis (Sorace & Serratrice, 2009) to name a few. The studies explore a variety of linguistic properties (e.g., functional morphology, linguistic properties at the syntax-discourse interface) by focusing on distinct populations (L2 acquisition, L3/LN acquisition, Heritage Speakers), while also considering the links between experimental linguistic research, generative linguistics, and, in some cases, language pedagogy. Dedicated to Roumyana Slabakova, each chapter can be directly linked to her work in terms of the empirical testing of extant hypotheses, the formulation of new models and ideas, and her efforts to advance the dialogue between different disciplines and frameworks. Overall, the contributions in the volume bear evidence of Slabakova’s enduring influence in the field as a collaborator, teacher, and researcher.

  • Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology
    Patrick Honeybone (Co-editor), Joe Salmons (Co-editor). The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology. Oxford University Press, 2016.

    This book presents a comprehensive and critical overview of historical phonology as it stands today. Scholars from around the world consider and advance research in every aspect of the field. In doing so they demonstrate the continuing vitality and some continuing themes of one of the oldest sub-disciplines of linguistics.

    The book is divided into six parts. The first considers key current research questions, the early history of the field, and the structuralist context for work on segmental change. The second examines evidence and methods, including phonological reconstruction, typology, and computational and quantitative approaches. Part III looks at types of phonological change, including stress, tone, and morphophonological change. Part IV explores a series of controversial aspects within the field, including the effects of first language acquisition, the status of lexical diffusion and exceptionless change, and the role of individuals in innovation. Part V considers theoretical perspectives on phonological change, including those of evolutionary phonology and generative historical phonology. The final part examines sociolinguistic and exogenous factors in phonological change, including the study of change in real time, the role of second language acquisition, and loanword adaptation. The authors, who represent leading proponents of every theoretical perspective, consider phonological change over a wide range of the world’s language families. The handbook is, in sum, a valuable resource for phonologists and historical linguists and a stimulating guide for their students.

  • Pennsylvania Dutch
    Mark Louden. Pennsylvania Dutch: The Story of an American Language. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016.

    While most world languages spoken by minority populations are in serious danger of becoming extinct, Pennsylvania Dutch is thriving. In fact, the number of Pennsylvania Dutch speakers is growing exponentially, although it is spoken by less than one-tenth of one percent of the United States population and has remained for the most part an oral vernacular without official recognition or support. A true sociolinguistic wonder, Pennsylvania Dutch has been spoken continuously since the late eighteenth century, even though it has never been “refreshed” by later waves of immigration from abroad.

    In this probing study, Mark L. Louden, himself a fluent speaker of Pennsylvania Dutch, provides readers with a close look at the place of the language in the life and culture of two major subgroups of speakers: the “Fancy Dutch,” whose ancestors were affiliated mainly with Lutheran and German Reformed churches, and conservative Anabaptist sectarians known as the “Plain people”―the Old Order Amish and Mennonites.

    Drawing on scholarly literature, three decades of fieldwork, and ample historical documents―most of which have never before been made accessible to English-speaking readers―this is the first book to offer a comprehensive look at this unlikely linguistic success story.

  • The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology
    Charles E. Cairns (Co-editor), Eric Raimy (Co-editor). The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell, 2015.

    The Segment in Phonetics and Phonology unravels exactly what the segment is and on what levels it exists, approaching the study of the segment with theoretical, empirical, and methodological heterogeneity as its guiding principle.

    • A deliberately eclectic approach to the study of the segment that investigates exactly what the segment is and on what level it exists
    • Includes new research data from a diverse range of fields such as experimental psycholinguistics, language acquisition, and mathematical theories of communication
    • Represents the major theoretical models of phonology, including Articulatory Phonology, Optimality Theory, Laboratory Phonology and Generative Phonology
    • Examines both well-studied languages like English, Chinese, and Japanese and under-studied languages such as Southern Sierra Miwok, Päri, and American Sign Language
  • Wisconsin Talk
    Thomas Purnell (Co-editor), Eric Raimy (Co-editor), Joe Salmons (Co-editor). Wisconsin Talk: Linguistic Diversity in the Badger State. University of Wisconsin Press, 2013.

    Wisconsin is one of the most linguistically rich places in North America. It has the greatest diversity of American Indian languages east of the Mississippi, including Ojibwe and Menominee from the Algonquian language family, Ho-Chunk from the Siouan family, and Oneida from the Iroquoian family. French place names dot the state’s map. German, Norwegian, and Polish—the languages of immigrants in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—are still spoken by tens of thousands of people, and the influx of new immigrants speaking Spanish, Hmong, and Somali continues to enrich the state’s cultural landscape. These languages and others (Walloon, Cornish, Finnish, Czech, and more) have shaped the kinds of English spoken around the state. Within Wisconsin’s borders are found three different major dialects of American English, and despite the influences of mass media and popular culture, they are not merging—they are dramatically diverging.
    An engaging survey for both general readers and language scholars, Wisconsin Talk brings together perspectives from linguistics, history, cultural studies, and geography to illuminate why language matters in our everyday lives. The authors highlight such topics as:
    • words distinctive to the state
    • how recent and earlier immigrants have negotiated cultural and linguistic challenges
    • the diversity of bilingual speakers that enriches our communities
    • how maps can convey the stories of language
    • the relation of Wisconsin’s Indian languages to language loss worldwide.

  • Surviving Linguistics
    Monica Macaulay. Surviving Linguistics: A Guide for Graduate Students. Cascadilla Press, 2011.

    This fully updated guide offers linguistics students clear, practical, and focused advice on how to succeed in graduate school and earn a degree. Surviving Linguistics is a valuable resource for students at any stage of their graduate career, from learning to write linguistics papers through completing their dissertation and finding a job. Along the way, the author explains the process of submitting conference abstracts, speaking at conferences, publishing journal articles, writing grant applications, creating a CV, and much more. Throughout Surviving Linguistics, Macaulay emphasizes the importance of working with advisors, dissertation committees, and fellow graduate students. The second edition includes new exercises as well as helpful references to many new books and online resources. Macaulay focuses on North America in explaining the structure of graduate school and the process of applying for academic jobs. The advice in this book about writing and research in linguistics is useful to linguistics students everywhere.

  • The Syntax of Chinese
    C.-T. James Huang, Y.-H. Audrey Li, Yafei Li. The Syntax of Chinese. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

    The past quarter of a century has seen a surge in Chinese syntactic research that has produced a sizeable literature on the analysis of almost every construction in Mandarin Chinese. This guide to Chinese syntax analyses the majority of constructions in Chinese that have featured in theoretical linguistics in the past 25 years, using the authors’ own analyses as well as existing or potential alternative treatments. A broad variety of topics are covered, including categories, argument structure, passives and anaphora. The discussion of each topic sums up the key research results and provides new points of departure for further research. This book will be invaluable both to students wanting to know more about the grammar of Chinese, and graduate students and theoretical linguists interested in the universal principles that underlie human languages.

  • Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology
    Charles E. Cairns (Co-editor), Eric Raimy (Co-editor). Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology. MIT Press, 2009.

    Leading phonologists discuss contemporary work on the topics of metrical theory, feature theory, syllable theory, and the relation among grammatical modules.

    The essays in this volume address foundational questions in phonology that cut across different schools of thought within the discipline. The theme of modularity runs through them all, however, and these essays demonstrate the benefits of the modular approach to phonology, either investigating interactions among distinct modules or developing specific aspects of representation within a particular module. Although the contributors take divergent views on a range of issues, they agree on the importance of representations and questions of modularity in phonology. Their essays address the status of phonological features, syllable theory, metrical structure, the architecture of the phonological component, and interaction among components of phonology. In the early 1990s the rise of Optimality Theory–which suggested that pure computation would solve the problems of representations and modularity–eclipsed the centrality of these issues for phonology. This book is unique in offering a coherent view of phonology that is not Optimality Theory based. The essays in this book, all by distinguished phonologists, demonstrate that computation and representation are inherently linked; they do not deny Optimality Theory, but attempt to move the field of phonology beyond it.

  • X0: A Theory of the Morphology-Syntax Interface

    This important monograph offers a resolution to the debate in theoretical linguistics over the role of syntactic head movement in word formation. It does so by synthesizing the syntactic and lexicalist approaches on the basis of the empirical data that support each side. In trying to determine how a morphologically complex word is formed in Universal Grammar, generative linguists have argued either that a substantial amount of morphological phenomena result from head movement in overt syntax (the widely adopted syntactic approach) or that morphological/lexical means are both necessary and sufficient for a theory of word formation (the Lexicalist Hypothesis). Li examines both the linguistic facts that are brought to light for the first time and the existing data in the literature and shows that each side has an empirical foundation that cannot be negated by the other. Since neither approach is adequate to explain all the facts of word formation, he argues, the way to achieve a unified account lies in synthesizing the empirically advantageous portions of both approaches into one simple and coherent theory.Li begins by demonstrating how a theory that combines the essence of the syntactic and lexicalist approaches can account more accurately for the various morphological constructions analyzed in the literature by means of syntactic verb incorporation. He then examines causativization on the adjectival root, noun incorporation in polysynthetic languages, and the possibility that the word formation part of the Lexicalist Hypothesis―which is crucial to his theory―can be derived as a theorem from a version of the X-bar theory. He concludes by discussing methodological issues in current linguistic research.

  • Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar
    Rand Valentine. Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar. University of Toronto Press, 2001.

    This descriptive reference grammar of Nishnaabemwin (Odawa and Eastern Ojibwe), a major dialect group within contemporary Ojibwe spoken in the vicinity of Lake Huron in Southern Ontario, represents the most comprehensive works on an Algonquin language published to date. It includes extensive descriptive treatment of phonology, orthography, inflectional morphology, derivational morphology, and major structural and functional syntactic categories. Points of grammar are copiously illustrated with example sentences indexed with thorough grammatical annotations. An extensive glossary of standard Algonquian linguistic terms is also provided.

    Written for both the beginning linguist as well as the scholar of Algonquian languages, this grammar provides simple explanations of linguistic terms as well as a thorough and comprehensive study of the language. Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar represents a major contribution to linguistics in general and to Algonquian language study in particular.

  • A Word Atlas of Pennsylvania German
    Lester W. J. Seifert, Mark Louden (Co-editor), Howard Martin (Co-editor), Joe Salmons (Co-editor). A Word Atlas of Pennsylvania German. Max Kade Institute, 2001.

    This is the most extensive reference work documenting linguistic variations in Pennsylvania German (also known as Pennsylvania Dutch), the dialect now spoken primarily by Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonite communities in the United States.

    This Word Atlas displays more than 170 maps showing regional variants for a word or grammatical form throughout the former German-speaking regions of southeastern Pennsylvania, as well as helpful maps of Pennsylvanian geographical features and political boundaries. One of the pioneers in linguistic research on this dialect, Lester W. J. Seifert of the University of Wisconsin–Madison and his colleague Carroll Reed of the University of Washington interviewed almost 100 speakers in these regions during the 1940s, using an extensive questionnaire. This research, graphically represented in the Word Atlas, is an invaluable record of a historically and culturally important language that is rapidly dying out. The volume also reprints four of Seifert’s classic essays on the dialect geography of Pennsylvania German, as well as biographies of the linguistic consultants, an original essay on the development of Pennsylvania German dialectology and linguistics by Mark Louden, and a new biography of Seifert by Howard Martin and Suzanne Treichel.

  • The Phonology and Morphology of Reduplication
    Eric Raimy. The Phonology and Morphology of Reduplication. Walter de Gruyter, 2000.

    This book proposes a new representational analysis of reduplication based on making explicit precedence relations in phonological representations.The main claim is that reduplication results from loops in the precedence structure of phonological representations. Modular rule based analyses of overapplication and underapplication effects including backcopying are presented to argue against the McCarthy and Prince (1995) claim that a derivational model of reduplication is conceptually and empirically inadequate. Other sections of the book discuss the implications of explicit precedence information for the concatenation of morphemes, the analysis of infixation, and templates in reduplication. Analyses of relevant phenomena from Indonesian, Tohono Oodham, Chaha, Chumash and Nancowry among other languages are provided.

  • A Grammar of Chalcatongo Mixtec
    Monica Macaulay. A Grammar of Chalcatongo Mixtec. University of California Press, 1996.

    This is the first comprehensive grammar of any variety of Mixtec written for linguists. It provides theoretically informed (generative) description and analysis of the phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexical semantics of this dialect, situated in the broader context of Mixtecan and Otomanguean languages. Texts and a lexicon (Mixtec-English/English-Mixtec, 1,500 words) are included as well.